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Comments Recieved at Stoneville

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The table below captures the comments collected during the breakout session at the Stoneville public meeting. Comments are grouped by major forces of change. Specific subregions of applicability are listed where provided.

  Comment Subregion
Social
  What percentage of young hardwood stands in the LMAV are in CRP & WRP? AV
Evaluate effectiveness of forest certification: requirements for meeting social agendas (biodiversity, maintaining endangered species etc. on forest lands)
What will be the interplay between Agriculture systems, Ecosystem, Forestry, Recreation (hunting interests), development (building new houses) in the ultimate use of lands in the future?
What is the future of the bald cypress mulch industry in the future given over-harvests and market demands
What is the role of NIPF land ownership? 75% of land base is NIPF ownership (this will likely be the case in the MAV as well)
What will be the impact of land-use restrictions on growing markets, such as for hunting leases (restricted access associated with leases) and other recreation (birding, environmental easements); as well as altering availability of timber?
What's the likelihood of CRP/WRP lands being converted back to agricultural uses? [Agricultural prices vs. forestry prices & ecosystem-credit prices: which will win-out?]
Population growth: will there be non-timber use mandates forced on forest landowners?
What other land use restrictions, road-construction issues?
Water use access will be more of an issue in areas east of the MS. How will this play out in the future?
Urbanization and emphasis/attitudes of urban forestry management (no management) instead of active timber management (changes of attitudes away from active management and greater emphasis in fulfilling the needs of an increasing urban populace; toward aesthetics instead of forest products)
Consider repeated divisions of land tracts to smaller and smaller areas in which the owners often no longer live on the land and have little interest in the best use of the land (increasing fragmentation of forest and agricultural lands due to division of inheritance, compounded by increasing detachment from the land by absentee owners; sentimental desires often prevent these new land owners from managing the lands for potential uses)
Consider how federal tax policy encourages divestiture of lands by vertically-integrated companies.
State property taxes are a concern of landowners, but we need to encourage land-ownership. Property taxes should not be used for any uses (for the general population of the state) other than for local uses.
High property taxes lead to the conversion of forestlands to other uses. The taxes promote development for income uses such as housing developments instead of for forest conversions. Evaluate how this issue interacts with the increasing fragmentation of forest & agriculture lands into smaller land areas.
Economics
  Consider forest certification: the purchase (by retailers such as Lowe's & Home Depot) of products from forest-product firms often require forest certifications for products to be bought and sold
Evaluate green-building standards (of individual companies – corporate green policies)
Agriculture commodity prices are so high now that many landowners would not consider growing timber on the land (less profitable), especially if the government allows releases of land from CRP obligations.
Where will the funding (capital investments) come from to produce new developments of technological advances needed to develop new products and raw materials for new products?
Institutional
  Are agricultural systems in LMAV sustainable given the current water supply (deficit); many court cases will likely result from this problem in the future; use of aquifer water vs. MS river other river water for agriculture? What is the future? AV
What is the role of LMAV in afforestation (in light of 80% deforestation history)? AV
Consider decoupling of forest lands, mills & other assets from Timber Companies – transfer to REITs, TIMOs
Evaluate fire control issues: who will fight fires because many landowners do not have crews to do this
Consider the lack of/or decline in public support (funding) for:1) State forestry agencies, i.e. funding 2) Long-term forestry research, i.e. from TIMOs, REITs
Consider ecosystem Service credits for markets -What will be the balances between ecosystem and forest certification within the marketplace, and how will these develop within the marketplace?
What incentives are there to grow quality hardwood timber? How will this be mixed with other related endeavors, etc. carbon credits, farm programs (WRP)?
What role will FS lands play in timber supply?
What are energy policy effects on bioenergy economics.
Land Uses
  Consider how development is driven by population and wealth
Consider how agricultural uses are driven by crop returns and farm policies
Consider that forest uses are driven by timber, demand, recreation, and programs
Consider that land is a short term investment, land use is changing, now unstable, future depends on government programs
Separating land base from mills -long term ownership patterns will effect long-term investments and research projects
Look at attitudes resulting in the membership in organizations -research support due to inability of research to meet landowner needs
Fragmentation due to ownerships -consider conservation challenges
Consider that population trend will continue
Consider reconversion form CRP/NRP back to row crop
Pineville Research and Crossett Research Station need to be better funded to meet increased landowner demands for non-plantation management
Biological
  Assess Chinese tallow tree AV
Assess Emerald ash borer and potential landscape scale effect AV
Consider Sudden Oak Death AV
Assess impacts of bioengineered plants and risk to wild stocks (re-red rice) AV
Consider biological agents that influence forest structure and health
Consider Insects and diseases
Consider Invasive plant species
Consider urbanization interactions with bio agents
Consider increased urbanization effects on forests, forest biodiversity
Assess mulch industry and coastal forests (competing, hurricane protection vs. $ now)
Assess Cogon grass
Assess Chinese Privet
Assess Salt Bush which takes over cleared areas
Assess Elm disease
Consider Sirex notilio in pine forests - threat
Consider forest regeneration & browse pressure (deer)
Assess bio-responses to disturbance (e.g., forest fragmentation, urbanization, change in forest type over time)
Assess Asian “Jumping” Carp, silver and bigheaded
Consider the lack of forest mgmt on public lands –leaving it alone is not always enough, societal changes and lack of understanding, societal pressure to do nothing
Consider the nutrient/chemical response (loads) in runoff
Consider fire dependent species & prescribed burning
Assess the projected role & development of chemicals (herbicides, fertilizer) in forestry. Will use continue as we get more conscious as a society or decline because it is not accepted socially? How will water quality be affected? New chemicals – how have they evolved, i.e., what are their effects?
Look at research on natural tree seed sources
Evaluate impacts of climate change effects on refuges, critical habitats & conservation areas
Identify buffers or alternative lands for refugia for sensitive species under changing climate scenarios
Evaluate the impacts of unpaved road systems and creation of new road systems on water quality
As intensity of forest mgmt increases, how will wildlife mgmt be integrated? How will habitat diversity be integrated into forest mgmt services
Consider abiotic factors that affect forest condition and health
Physical
  Consider change in frequency of floods/droughts & flooding patterns, Soil Changes – How are they changing w/o floods? Soil development, Productivity (height, vigor) declining in stands, Nutrient dynamics AV
Evaluate fuel (debris) loads interacting w/ drought AV
Are we seeing an increase or decrease in road density? Assess hydrologic effects AV
Consider climate change
Consider severe weather events
Consider air pollution
Consider fire regimes
Evaluate use of fuels/bioenergy and effect of residue removal on nutrient –soil-water-quality & dynamics
Consider the removal of residues in biofuels – effects on soils, etc.
Consider drought impacts on stand conditions
Consider extreme weather effects on forests
Evaluate increased C02 levels
Consider change in water quantity and timing from urbanization
Assess agricultural irrigation effects (source, land leveling)
Evaluate water wars w/ urbanization. Will this affect land use more than FS mgmt practices?
Evaluate climate change and potential for expansion/contraction of forest insect pests and disease
Evaluate Co2 as a plant nutrient.
Evaluate global commerce as vector for invasive forest insects, diseases, pests
Evaluate the social conflict/benefits of US prescribed burning vs. air pollution, housing & property damage (wildland/urban interface), liability
Evaluate Increased clean water demands, Pressure on public lands for new dams/water supply, Decreased minimum flow, Effects on aquatic life
Fishing & fisheries (estuaries), Growing disruption of annual hydrologic cycles
Evaluate how to justify/education public about prescribed burning?
How effective is prescribed burning (cool season) in MS hill country?
Evaluate the effect of nutria on regeneration & reestablishment of cypress forests
Consider wetland/marsh/coastal forest reestablishment on coast (especially LA)
evaluate benefits of reforestation/afforestation on water quality/quantity/nutrient loads/aquatic life
Recreation
  Consider recreation growth in LMAV is probably greatest, i.e., bird watching in the South AV
Consider the interaction of hunting lease cost and population change
Consider biomass effects on ecosystem functions, e.g.. nutrient cycling
Consider course woody debris and snags for wildlife habitat.
Consider ducks, deer, fishing and recreation trends
Consider ATV use on public land and camping opportunities
Silvicultural
  Will we be more plantation oriented?
How can we meet more varied landowner objectives?
What changes are expected in products, species – more small diameter trees
Evaluate engineered wood products due to high labor costs for traditional products
Wood
  What are bioenergy effects on wood products, agriculture. Dependent on $'s fossil fuels and energy inputs.
Evaluate wood pellets for fuel
Evaluate wood quality (esp. pine), slower growth, driven by a short term profit
Evaluate diminishing demand for forest products. Hunting demands bringing more $'s than timber. Look at management objectives for large quality sawlogs
Evaluate the impact of shrinking wood products outlets, e.g. mills
More clearcutting resulting in invasive species (changing ecology), e.g. tallow
consider carbon sustainability
Consider certification
Consider impacts on productivity due to flood controls, too dry in places and too wet in places
Evaluate economic decisions regarding lower rotation age cycles
Address opportunities for TSI; increased utilization may lead to improved forest management
Need $'s per duck calculations to show value of hunting
Evaluate more intensive forest management vis-à-vis market driven economics (a current trend that may increase)
Timber
  Consider demand driven by wood products markets, changing products, global trade
Consider changes in technology, Products, Timber growing
Consider new markets for bioenergy