Expression of Russian Wheat Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Resistance in Genotypes of Tall Fescue Harboring Different Isolates of Acremonium Endophyte

  • Authors: Clement, S.L.; Lester, D.G.; Wilson, A. Dan; Johnson, R.C.; Bouton, J.H.
  • Publication Year: 1996
  • Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
  • Source: J. Econ. Entomol. 89(3): 766-770 (1996)

Abstract

Experiments were conducted to compare the expression of Russian wheat aphid, Diurnphis noxia (Mordvilko), resistance in 2 genotypes of tall fescue grass, Festucn arundinacea Schreb., harboring different isolates of the endophytic fungus Acremonium coenophialum Morgan-Jones & cams. Aphids did not select endophyte-free over endophyte-infected tiller sections in laboratory tests. In a laboratory population growth test, aphid numbers declined for 2 d on all endophyte-free plants and then increased. Aphid mortality was 100% on all infected plants after 4 d. Thus, antibiosis resistance to D. noxia was not specific to tall fescue genotype or to Acremonium isolate. In a field plot, numbers of Russian wheat aphids were significantly higher on endophyte-free tall fescue. Using these results, and results of other studies involving Acremonium-enhanced resistance to D. noxia in tall fescue and other host grasses, the potential for using D. noxia to screen grass germplasm for Acremonium fungiis discussed.

  • Citation: Clement, S.L.; Lester, D.G.; Wilson, A. Dan; Johnson, R.C.; Bouton, J.H. 1996. Expression of Russian Wheat Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Resistance in Genotypes of Tall Fescue Harboring Different Isolates of Acremonium Endophyte. J. Econ. Entomol. 89(3): 766-770 (1996)
  • Keywords: aphids, Diuruphis noxia, Acremonium fungi, grass, plant resistance
  • Posted Date: April 1, 1980
  • Modified Date: August 22, 2006
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