The effects of fire suppression on Bachman's sparrows in upland pine forests of eastern Texas

  • Authors: Conner, Richard N.; Shackelford, Clifford E.; Schaefer, Richard R.; Saenz, Daniel
  • Publication Year: 2005
  • Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
  • Source: Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society. 38(1): 6-11

Abstract

We studied the effects of 8 years of fire suppression on shrub-level vegetation, Bachman's Sparrows (Aimophila aestivalis), and selected forest bird species between 1995 and 2003in eastern Texas. Woody shrub-level vegetation between ground level and 3 m above the ground, measured using a leaf area index, increased significantly in all sites !n = 20) previously managed for Red-cockaded Woodpeckers (Picaidesborectlis) in both longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) and loblolly- (P. taeda) shortleaf (P. echinata) pine habitats. Woody shrub-level vegetation between ground level and 3 m also increased significantly in one-half of control sites (n = 20). During the 8 years, Bachman's Sparrow abundance decreased significantly in habitat management areas previously managed for Red-cockaded Woodpeckers. Brown-headed Nuthatches (Sina pusilla), Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) and Red-cockaded Woodpeckers also decreased in abundance, but this decrease was not statistically significant. Slight increases or no changes were observed for Northern Cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis), Carolina Wrens (Thryothorus ludovicianus), Hooded Warblers (Wilsonia citrina), Yellowbreasted Chats (Icteria virens), and White-eyed Vireos (Vireo griseus).These species generally are considered associates of woody shrub-level vegetation in both woodpecker and control sites.

  • Citation: Conner, Richard N.; Shackelford, Clifford E.; Schaefer, Richard R.; Saenz, Daniel. 2005. The effects of fire suppression on Bachman's sparrows in upland pine forests of eastern Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society. 38(1): 6-11.
  • Posted Date: April 1, 1980
  • Modified Date: July 30, 2009
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.