Burlap bands as a sampling technique for green anoles (Anolis carolinensis) and other reptiles commonly found on tree boles
A variety of methods have been used to study lizard populations including rubber bands, active searching and noosing (Campbell and Christman 1982; Karns 1986; Simmons 1987), pitfall traps (Fair and Henke 1997; Moseley 2004; Sutton et al. 1999), glue boards (Bauer and Sadlier 1992; Downes and Borges 1998; Durtsche 1996; Moseley 2004; Whiting 1998), extraction by hook (Bedford et al. 1995), conspecifics as bait (Zani and Vitt 1995), crickets as bait (Durden et al. 1995), refuge tubes (Moseley 2004; Strong et al. 1993), and a water-spray method (Estrada-Rodriguez et al. 2004). All of these can be used to capture lizards with varying degrees of effectiveness depending on the species, but in some cases they result in lizard mortality or stress. For example, in the southeastern United States many traps (pitfalls, glue boards, etc.) that capture anoles are frequented by red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) that prey on captive lizards (K. Moseley, pers. comm.). Also, lizards may die before traps are rechecked or may go for extended periods without food. Likewise, techniques such as removing bark from dead wood alter the local habitat.