Utilization options for decadent eastern hemlock timber

  • Authors: Winn, Matthew F.; Araman, Philip A.
  • Publication Year: 2007
  • Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
  • Source: Proceedings, Dean's Forum on the Environment - Virginia Tech. 173.


The hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae Annand) is a non-native pest that is decimating the eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis L.) population in the forests of the eastern United States. Nearly one third of the area inhabited by native hemlocks in the Central Hardwoods region is infested with the insect. Once a tree is heavily infected, it is estimated that tree death usually occurs within three years. The majority of the current research effort focuses on preventing the spread of the adelgid. Unfortunately, the damage is already done in many areas and little research has been done on examining the utilization potential for the dead hemlocks. The purpose of this study is to examine the current markets for hemlock, determine at what stages of decline hemlock wood can still be used for various products, determine product yield lost when processing dead material, and to make management and harvesting recommendations based on the findings.

  • Citation: Winn, Matthew F.; Araman, Philip A. 2007. Utilization options for decadent eastern hemlock timber. Proceedings, Dean''s Forum on the Environment - Virginia Tech. 173.
  • Posted Date: February 5, 2008
  • Modified Date: February 21, 2014
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.