Marine cargo imports and forest pest introductions

This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document here.

  • Authors: Koch, Frank H.
  • Publication Year: 2009
  • Publication Series: Book Chapter
  • Source: In: Ambrose, M.J.; Conkling, B.L. eds. Forest Health Monitoring 2006 National Technical Report. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-117. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station:

Abstract

A major pathway for the introduction of nonindigenous forest pests is accidental transport on cargo imported from overseas. Diseases may be brought into the United States via commercial trade of nursery stock or other live plant material, as has been suggested for Phytophthora ramorum, the pathogen that causes sudden oak death (Ivors and others 2006). Insects may similarly hitchhike on live plants, but may be more commonly transported on or in raw logs, wood products, dunnage (materials used to space or brace cargo loads), and solid wood packing materials. Pallets, crates, and other materials used to protect and contain goods for shipment are often made from poorquality wood that is in many cases not fully debarked (Campbell 2001). Such materials are particularly good vectors for bark beetles and wood boring insects, which can survive in the materials throughout the shipment duration (Brockerhoff and others 2006, Haack 2006).

  • Citation: Koch, Frank H. 2009. Marine cargo imports and forest pest introductions. In: Ambrose, M.J.; Conkling, B.L. eds. Forest Health Monitoring 2006 National Technical Report. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-117. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station: 53-64.
  • Posted Date: September 30, 2010
  • Modified Date: March 28, 2018
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.