Terrestrial movements of the red-bellied mudsnake (Farancia abacura) and rainbow snake (F. erytrogramma)

  • Authors: Steen, David A.; Stevenson, Dirk J.; Beane, Jeffrey C.; Willson, John D.; Aresco, Matthew J.; Godwin, James C.; Graham, Sean P.; Smith, Lora L.; Howze, Jennifer M.; Rudolph, D. Craig; Pierce, Josh B.; Lee, James R.; Gregory, Beau B.; Jensen, John; Stiles, Sierra H.; Stiles, James A.; Nazdrowicz, Nathan H.; Guyer, Craig
  • Publication Year: 2013
  • Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
  • Source: Herpetological Review 44(2): 208-213

Abstract

Red-bellied Mudsnakes (Farancia abacura; Fig. 1A) and Rainbow Snakes (Farancia erytrogramma; Fig. 1B) are relatively large species with geographic distributions restricted to the southeastern United States. Both species are highly associated with aquatic habitats, to the extent that at least one, the Red-bellied Mudsnake, has been described as "fully aquatic" (Lutterschmidt et al. 2006). Adults of both species have highly specialized diets: Red-bellied Mudsnakes feed primarily on aquatic, elongate, eel-like salamanders (Sirens [Siren spp., Pseudobranchus spp.] and Amphiumas [Amphiuma spp.]), while adult Rainbow Snakes feed almost exclusively on a stream-dwelling catadromous fish, the American Eel (Anguillla rostrata; Neill 1964).

  • Citation: Steen, David A.; Stevenson, Dirk J.; Beane, Jeffrey C.; Willson, John D.; Aresco, Matthew J.; Godwin, James C.; Graham, Sean P.; Smith, Lora L.; Howze, Jennifer M.; Rudolph, D. Craig; Pierce, Josh B.; Lee, James R.; Gregory, Beau B.; Jensen, John; Stiles, Sierra H.; Stiles, James A.; Nazdrowicz, Nathan H.; Guyer, Craig. 2013. Terrestrial movements of the red-bellied mudsnake (Farancia abacura) and rainbow snake (F. erytrogramma). Herpetological Review 44(2): 208-213.
  • Keywords: Red-bellied Mudsnake, Farancia abacura, Rainbow Snake, Farancia erytrogramma, terrestrial movements, habitat
  • Posted Date: August 7, 2013
  • Modified Date: May 21, 2014
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