Synthesis of the effects of fire on Southern Appalachian fauna

This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document here.

  • Authors: Pitt, Amber L.; Baldwin, Robert F.; Tavano, Joseph J.; Waldrop, Thomas A.; Phillips, Ross J.
  • Publication Year: 2014
  • Publication Series: Proceedings - Paper (PR-P)
  • Source: In: Waldrop, Thomas A., ed. Proceedings, Wildland Fire in the Appalachians: Discussions among managers and scientists. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-199. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station.

Abstract

We reviewed the effects of prescribed fire on wildlife in the southern Appalachian Mountains and placed our results in the context of regional, national, and global studies.We conducted a Web search of peer-reviewed literature and technical reports to evaluate the number of prescribed fire studies pertaining to geographical regions and taxonomic groups. We obtained 717 relevant, unique studies, the majority of which were from North America (n=513). The most studied taxonomic group globally was birds (n=244).Within the United States, most studies occured in the Southeast region (n=179), including 21 in the southern Appalachians. All southern Appalachian studies with wildlife as dependent variable were of prescribed fire. Our review of the papers specific to the southern Appalachians revealed no strong signals. The lack of strong signals that can be generalized across taxa or ecosystems may be due to the limited number of studies and their short-term, localized, and/or species-centric character. By focusing new research at multiple spatiotemporal scales, we may gain powerful, multi-scale inference.

  • Citation: Pitt, Amber L.; Baldwin, Robert F.; Tavano, Joseph J.; Waldrop, Thomas A.; Phillips, Ross J. 2014. Synthesis of the effects of fire on Southern Appalachian fauna. In: Waldrop, Thomas A., ed. Proceedings, Wildland Fire in the Appalachians: Discussions among managers and scientists. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-199. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. Pgs. 86-95. 10 p.
  • Keywords: fire, prescribed fire, wildlife, bird, mammal, reptile, amphibian, invertebrate, insect, frog, salamander, snake, lizard, turtle, avian
  • Posted Date: August 12, 2015
  • Modified Date: May 13, 2021
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.