Assessing market power in the U.S. pulp and paper industry
This paper assesses the market power of pulpwood mills in diﬀerent regions of the U.S. We estimated the conjectural elasticity, elasticities of substitution and price elasticities for the delivered price at the mill in Southeast and North U.S. and the stumpage in the Southeast. We assembled data composed of price and quantity of Labor, Energy, Chemical Products and Wood at ﬁrms' level from Q4/2016 to Q4/2017, and applied a variety of econometric models that measure the inﬂuence of ﬁrms and resource characteristics on market competition. The results indicate moderate levels of oligopsony power in all markets, with the highest eﬀect at the mill in the North, and lowest in the stumpage market in the South. Market power in the pulpwood market is strongly driven by industry concentration and local company size, and decreases as the estimated wood procurement radius from a mill increases in size.