Impact of BMPs on water quality: A case study in Big Sunflower River watershed, Mississippi

  • Authors: Risal, Avay; Parajuli, Prem B.; Ouyang, Ying
  • Publication Year: 2021
  • Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
  • Source: International Journal of River Basin Management
  • DOI: 10.1080/15715124.2020.1870993

Abstract

Impact of Best Management Practices (BMPs) can be evaluated using hydrologic and water quality models. Although numerous models with diverse function, capability and degree of complexity are available, suitable model for each watershed should be determined. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) and Hydrologic Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) models were applied to the Big Sunflower River Watershed (BSRW) and their performances in simulating hydrology and water quality were evaluated. Both the models simulated streamflow, sediment, and nutrient concentrations with model efficiency greater than 50%. The SWAT model simulated streamflow and sediment concentration more accurately than HSPF whereas, for total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorous (TP) concentrations, the HSPF model simulated equally good as SWAT. Models evaluated effect of two BMPs: vegetative filter strip (VFS) and tailwater recovery pond (TRP) in reduction of streamflow, sediment, TN, and TP concentrations. Average reduction of streamflow due to the implementation of both BMPs in SWAT and HSPF were less than 1% but average reduction of sediment concentration by VFS in SWAT was 26% and in HSPF was 38%. Average reduction of sediment concentration by TRP in SWAT and HSPF were 21% and 30% respectively. VFS reduced TN concentration by 51% in SWAT and by 25% in HSPF, while average reduction of TN concentration by TRP in SWAT and HSPF were 7% and 2% respectively. Similarly, average reduction of TP concentration by VFS in SWAT and HSPF were 56% and 31% respectively and that by TRP in SWAT and HSPF were 2% and 1% respectively. Differences in simulation results based on application of two models were mainly attributed by the modelling mechanism and equations used. The results from this study will provide a broader idea to other modellers and end-users in selecting appropriate model according to their need and type of watershed

  • Citation: Risal, Avay; Parajuli, Prem B.; Ouyang, Ying. 2021. Impact of BMPs on water quality: A case study in Big Sunflower River watershed, Mississippi. International Journal of River Basin Management. : 1-43. https://doi.org/10.1080/15715124.2020.1870993.
  • Posted Date: January 28, 2021
  • Modified Date: February 17, 2021
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