All Species Have Value

  • Authors: Lockhart, Brian Roy
  • Publication Year: 2004
  • Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
  • Source: Journal of Forestry, Vol. 102, No. 1, p.60 January/February 2004


The author discusses the values of American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), also known as ironwood, blue-beech, or muscle-wood. He details the benefits provided by American hornbeam, though frequently referred to as a weed. Lockhart provides the context in which less desirable species can benefit the forest and the species for which the land is being managed.

  • Citation: Lockhart, Brian Roy 2004. All Species Have Value. Journal of Forestry, Vol. 102, No. 1, p.60 January/February 2004
  • Posted Date: April 1, 1980
  • Modified Date: August 22, 2006
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