Water chemistry of North Branch Simpson Creek and the Rich Hole Wilderness Fire

This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document here.

  • Authors: Downey, Daniel M.; Haraldstadt, Jens Peter; Fisher, Sydney N.; .,
  • Publication Year: 2014
  • Publication Series: Proceedings - Paper (PR-P)
  • Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-199. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 208 p.

Abstract

In April 2012, the understory of the Rich Hole Wilderness Area in Virginia including the watershed of North Branch of Simpson Creek (NBSC) was burned in a major wildfire. This fire presented a unique opportunity for the study of effects of forest fires on streams in the Appalachian Mountains. In other locations wildfires have produced changes in soil composition, surface runoff, and water chemistry. As the most dramatic effects of wildfires on streams have been the result of episodic discharge, sampling was conducted May���September 2012 for precipitation runoff events. In addition, synoptic samples were taken in 2012 and 2013 throughout the stream reach. Chemical parameters including pH, acid neutralizing capacity, Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cl-, NO3 -, SO4 2- , Al, turbidity, and conductivity were measured for comparison to previous data sets. A second stream, Bob Downy Branch, was not affected by the fire and served as a ���control��� with samples collected coincidentally with those from NBSC. The paper presents the unique combination of forest timber stands, historic and present day land use, acid deposition, geology, and the fire in the observed water chemistry of NBSC.

  • Citation: Downey, Daniel M.; Haraldstadt, Jens Peter; Fisher, Sydney N.;. 2014. Water chemistry of North Branch Simpson Creek and the Rich Hole Wilderness Fire. In: Waldrop, Thomas A., ed. Proceedings, Wildland fire in the Appalachians: discussions among fire managers and scientists. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-199. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station: 113���126.
  • Posted Date: March 8, 2021
  • Modified Date: May 26, 2021
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.