Policy and governance implications for transition to NTFP-based bioeconomy in Kashmir Himalayas

  • Authors: Peerzada, Ishtiyak Ahmad; Chamberlain, James; Reddy, Mohan; Dhyani, Shalini; Saha, Somidh
  • Publication Year: 2021
  • Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
  • Source: Sustainability
  • DOI: 10.3390/su132111811

Abstract

Forests of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) have a rich diversity of valuable non-timber forest products (NTFP) that local communities extract for their sustenance and income. The region is home to over 60% of species recognized for novel bio-medicinal properties in the Indian Himalayas. There is significant national and international demand for these species, providing income and employment for more than 60% of the population of J&K. Despite this, NTFP are not adequately recognized for their contributions to rural livelihoods and the regional economy due to the lack of appropriate policy and governance mechanisms. In this study, we embrace a bioresource vision to examine challenges and opportunities for transition to a sustainable bioeconomy in J&K. Selected NTFP were considered for valuation to showcase their bioeconomy potential using two approaches. First, we used the ‘market price method’ to estimate the contribution of NTFP to the local economy. Second, the ‘maximum willingness to pay method’ was used to project the bioeconomy potential of NTFP in the region. The analysis reveals that local communities’ revenues could increase by as much as 18 times their current price with appropriate actions to include NTFP. However, to realize this potential, policies and governance frameworks based on increased access and benefit sharing with inclusive institutional models would support the transition of the local economy into a bioeconomy. Fostering public–community partnership by improving the local participation of producers and processors in NTFP value chains for overcoming the existing governance barriers is needed.

  • Citation: Peerzada, Ishtiyak Ahmad; Chamberlain, James; Reddy, Mohan; Dhyani, Shalini; Saha, Somidh. 2021. Policy and Governance Implications for Transition to NTFP-Based Bioeconomy in Kashmir Himalayas. Sustainability. 13(21): 11811-. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111811.
  • Keywords: NTFP diversification, bioeconomy, participatory forestry, livelihoods, inclusive governance framework
  • Posted Date: November 3, 2021
  • Modified Date: November 3, 2021
  • Print Publications Are No Longer Available

    In an ongoing effort to be fiscally responsible, the Southern Research Station (SRS) will no longer produce and distribute hard copies of our publications. Many SRS publications are available at cost via the Government Printing Office (GPO). Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, printed, and distributed.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.