Cerambycid pheromones attract predators Temnoscheila virescens (Coleoptera: Trogossitidae), Chariessa pilosa (Coleoptera: Cleridae), and apiomerus crassipes (Hemiptera: Reduviidae)

  • Authors: Miller, D; Mayo, P; Sweeney, J D.
  • Publication Year: 2023
  • Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
  • Source: Environmental Entomology
  • DOI: 10.1093/ee/nvac110


In 2011–2013, we determined the interactive effects of the cerambycid pheromones racemic syn-2,3-hexanediol, racemic 3-hydroxyhexan-2-one, and racemic 3-hydroxyoctan-2-one on trap catches of predators associated with bark and woodboring beetles in north Georgia and South Carolina. Temnoscheila virescens (F.) (Coleoptera: trogossitidae) was attracted to traps baited with 3-hydroxyhexan-2-one; ethanol enhanced attraction. Traps baited with syn-2,3-hexanediol attracted Chariessa pilosa (Forster) (Coleoptera: Cleridae); attraction was interrupted by 3-hydroxyhexan-2-one. An assassin bug Apiomerus crassipes (F.) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) was attracted to traps baited with 3-hydroxyhexan-2-one and/or 3-hydroxyoctan-2-one. Ethanol had no effect on trap catches of C. pilosa and A. crassipes. We compared response profiles of these predators to those of longhorn beetles captured in these same studies to provide insights on possible ecological interaction between these species.

  • Citation: Miller, D R; Mayo, P D; Sweeney, J D. 2023. Cerambycid pheromones attract predators Temnoscheila virescens (Coleoptera: Trogossitidae), Chariessa pilosa (Coleoptera: Cleridae), and Apiomerus crassipes (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) . Environmental Entomology. 52(1): 9-17. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvac110.
  • Keywords: predator, Cleridae, Trogossitidae, Reduviidae, kairomone
  • Posted Date: February 21, 2023
  • Modified Date: February 22, 2023
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