Financiamiento público y privado para la investigación forestal en el sur de Estados Unidos durante el período 1920-2000
Public and Private Funding of Forestry Research in the Southern United States, 1929-2999. Forest management in the southern United States intensified over the last 80 years and the pine forests of the Coastal Plain can be regarded as in the early stage of crop domestication. In 1997, 57 % of the softwood and 52 % of the hardwood timber produced in the country came from the South and forecasts predict increases in harvesting over the next three decades. Silvicultural research into tree improvement and other aspects of plantation establishment and management has been critical to the domestication process. Estimated total expenditures by all entities for forestry research in the South was $86.8 million in 1995. University-industry research cooperatives were organized to overcome shortcomings of industry and university research, and to capitalize on the assets of each. Most modem practices of intensive plantation forestry were either pioneered or refined through these cooperatives, providing significant gains in productivity over the last 50 years. Proprietary research and closely held intellectual property are concepts historically foreign to southern forestry research and practice. Anticipated advances in biotechnology will likely spur companies to adopt a more competitive research paradigm, one involving patents, licenses, and other exclusive rights to intellectual property.